Muslims all around the globe follow the lunar calendar that starts at the 1st of Muharram and is 355-354 days long. The Lunar month is based on the time it takes the moon to complete a single orbit around the earth and it is just over 29 days. There are many benefits of following the Lunar calendar. For example, there are many dates in the Islamic Calendar such as Eidein, Ramadan and Hajj changes every year and is not constant like the occasion dates of the Solar Year (Christmas, New Year eve, Independence Day). People all around the world, therefore, will perform acts of worship in different weather conditions and different duration of hours in obedience to the will of Allah where human imagination shows no share.

The new moon after completing a cycle marks the beginning of the new lunar month and it becomes easy for people to see the new moon and get a natural message about the beginning of a new month. Muslims since the beginning of the world is following the lunar calendar. There is a total of 12 Islamic months which are as follow:

  • Muharram
  • Safar
  • Rabi al-Awwal
  • Rabi al-Thani
  • Jumada al-Ula
  • Jumada al-Ukhra
  • Rajab
  • Shaban
  • Ramadan
  • Shawwal
  • Dhul Qadah
  • Dhul Hijjah

Source and Worth of the Hijri Calendar

The Islamic Calendar was started with the start of reign of the second Caliph Umar in 16 AH/ 637 CE. The happening of the Hijrah, the relocation of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) from Makkah to Yathrib in 622 CE, was chosen to start the Islamic (Lunar) Calendar because it was the first most important sacrifice made by the entire Ummah for the protection of Islam in its influential era. Hazrat Umar reported having remarked the occasion as:

“The Hijrah has separated truth from falsehood; therefore, let it become the Epoch of the Era”

The Hijri year works as a reminder for Muslims every year where everyone is recalled about the sacrifices made by the first Muslims and should prepare the rest of the ummah to do the same. The uninterrupted use of the Hijri Calendar for observing acts of worship and also to celebrate major historical events will help Muslims keep links with their roots and further expand their awareness of their religion and history.

Islamic dates are determined after visibility of the moon as the Prophet (SAW) said:

Fast by seeing it (the moon) and end the fast by seeing it.

Muslim scholars have interpreted this holy saying in two different ways. Some scholars have held the point of view that each location has its sighting of the moon. But most scholars have taken the view that break your fast right after you see the moon with the naked eye, which is followed by the majority of Muslims around the globe. Therefore they regard the finding of the moon in one region as valid for people of another region, if the news of sighting the moon reaches them through authentic means (Religious scholars, TV Channels, and more shahadat from one place). All of your concerns regarding the accurate dates of the Islamic calendar vanish right after you choose to find today’s Islamic date in your region on the official website of Imamia Jantri. All you have to do is to write “jamadi ul Sani date today” and you will be given the entire calendar in a blink of an eye. You can trust the dates shown on the official website of Imamia jantri as Muslims all over the globe observe this calendar.

 In this respect, Ibn Taymiyyah says:

A person who learns about the sighting of the moon in good time to be able to utilize it for fasting, for ending the fast, or for sacrifice, must do so.

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